KIRANMAYI SOCIO EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY (KISES)
Admn. Office, D. No. 54-20/9-10A, Srinagar colony, Vijayawada – 520008, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Phone: 91+0866-2541720, Mobile: 9440573842, Email: email@example.com
One needs to understand the city in order to know more about Vijayawada. Literary meaning “the place of victory”, the most interesting thing about Vijayawada is its location. The River Krishna flows by it, and the delta of the river extends from Vijayawada to the Bay of Bengal in the east. The Indrakeeladri Hills border the city in the west, and in the north Vijayawada is bound by the Budameru stream. In order to understand the history and economy of the city, it is essential to know about Vijayawada geography. The topography of Vijayawada is marked by small and medium sized hills and plain lands in between them. The hills of Vijayawada are actually a continuation of the Eastern Ghat chains. The mighty Krishna River dominates the geography of the region and it is by virtue of the same river that the soil in Vijayawada is extensively fertile.
The most striking feature about Vijayawada climate is the extreme heat in the summer months. The temperature in the summer months changes from hot to hotter, rising up to 46 degree centigrade. The winter months are pleasant and the temperature is also mild. The south- west and north- east monsoons bring rain to the region and cyclones are also not unusual.
Historical knowledge about Vijayawadapractically dates back to the pre-historic days and remains of the Stone Age have been found all along the banks of River Krishna. Vijayawada has been ruled by different dynasties from time to time, including the Chalukyas of Kalyan and the great ruler Krishna Deva Raya. The British period witnessed a steady growth in the basic infrastructure of the city which led to the expansion of the commercial base of the city.
In order to gather an all encompassing understanding about Vijayawada, it is essential to know in detail the geography of Vijayawada. Vijayawada is located at 16.52° North Latitude 80.62° East Longitude and the average elevation of the land of the city of Vijayawada is about 39 feet above the sea level.
Topography is the most prominent feature of Vijayawada Geography. The landscape of Vijayawada is marked by undulating small and medium sized hillocks with extensive plain lands between them. The Krishna River is a dominant part of the geography of Vijayawada and runs through the city. Although the hills in Vijayawada are a continuation of the Eastern Ghat chains, they, in general have a low elevation compared to the rest of the Ghats. The high fertility of the soil in the region is a result of the River Krishna flowing through it. The climate of Vijayawada is an integral part of the geography of Vijayawada. Marked by hot summers, the temperature in the summer months goes on ascending and can even reach up to 50 degree centigrade. The winter months on the other hand are cool and pleasant and the temperature varies from 10 degree centigrade to 30 degree centigrade. The region experiences regular rainfall, caused by the south-west and north-east monsoons. The area is somewhat prone to cyclones which have resulted in the place being nicknamed as “Blazewada”.
Climate of Vijayawada
The climate of Vijayawada is very much dependent on the geography of Vijayawada. With the River Krishna flowing through it, the Indrakeeladri Hills in the west and the Budameru stream in the north, the climate of Vijayawada is essentially a tropical one. The summers are hot and humid and the winters are moderate.
In the summer months the climate of Vijayawada is dominated by the scorching heat which gets hotter with every day and level of humidity also rises. Summer months in Vijayawada stretches from the month of April to the month of June. The temperatures during these months range from 17 degree centigrade to 45 degree centigrade. The climate of Vijayawada is very humid and during the summer months the humidity rises up to 68 per cent.
In the winter season, the climate of Vijayawada is moderate and in fact very cool and pleasant. The temperature ranges between 10 degree Centigrade and 30 degree Centigrade.
The climate of Vijayawada is also marked by a considerable amount of rainfall. Rainfall in Vijayawada is caused both by the south west monsoon and the north east monsoons. The area receives a total rainfall of 965 mm every year. Cyclones are also pretty common in the Vijayawada climate and this has resulted in the naming of the place as “Blazewada”.
The history of Vijayawada can be traced back to the mythological times. The history of Vijayawada or Vijayavata, as it is termed in a few inscriptions, reveals the religious importance of the place. The remains of the pre-historic man and society of the Stone Age is found all along the River Krishna, which dominates the landscape of Vijayawada.
The history of Vijayawada as a cultural and religious center marks an important episode in the history of India. Vijayawada history reveals the power of the prolonged reigns of the Chalukyas of Kalyan and the great king Krishna Deva Raya, on the society and culture of Vijayawada. Vijayawada was even visited by foreign travelers like Hu-yan-Tsang.
The religious history of Vijayawada is manifested in the temple of Lord Shiva on the banks of River Krishna. There are also some other important temples in Vijayawada which includes the Kanaka – Durga Devi Temple at Vijayawada.
The history of Vijayawada is largely shaped by the changes that were brought about in the city by the British rule. The British period was marked by significant growth in the basic infrastructure and facilities in the city. A major project, the Prakasam Barrage was completed and a railway bridge over the River Krishna that connected Guntur City and its district was also constructed.
As per the report published post completion of Census 2011, following are some of the basic demographic details of this south Indian city:
• Total population: 1, 048, 240
• Male population: 5, 24, 918
• Female population: 5, 23, 322
• Sex ratio: 997 females per 1, 000 males
• Total child population (Within the age group of 0 year to 6 years): 92, 848
• Child population (Boys): 47, 582
• Child population (Girls): 45, 266
• Child sex ratio: 951 girls per 1, 000 boys
• Total metropolitan or urban population: 1, 491, 202
• Metropolitan male population: 7, 50, 770
• Metropolitan female population: 7, 40, 432
• Number of literates: 7, 89, 038
• Number of male literates: 4, 11, 677
• Number of female literates: 3, 77, 361
• Rate of average literacy: 82.59 %
• Rate of male literacy: 86.24 %
• Rate of female literacy: 78.94 %
• Official language: Telugu
HUMANIZATION OF GARBAGE DUMP COMMUNITIES
AT VIJAYAWADA CITY, ANDHRA PRADESH STATE, INDIA,
BY (KISES – KIRANMAYI SOCIO EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY, VIJAYAWADA)
The reality of the dump yard lives has baffled us when we were trying to find an answer to the query of an INGO: “Do you know the Dump Yard people in your city? Have you done anything for them?”
When we pass by a heap of rubbish we naturally turn our faces away, closing our nose, thus avoiding an ugly site or foul smell. We did the same all these nine years of our stay in Vijayawada. We have never paid enough attention to the people living in around the dumping ground of the city Vijayawada. Our organization KISES works among the rural poor in Edurumondi Island of Nagayalanka Mandal, Pedapatnam of Machilipatnam mandal 130 KM away from Vijayawada city. But we were never before challenged by any bitter reality in an urban area like Vijayawada as the dehumanized living conditions of the dump yard people at the Vijayawada dump in Pathapadu rural mandal of Krishna district.
In order to know the lives of the dump yard people we our initial step was to conduct a survey of the people living in and around the dump yard the following are the data we could collect.
i) 40 Families – (60 adult and 55 children) 115 people (@an average of 4 people per family) are totally dependent on the “rubbish dump” for their survival.
ii) They have 55 children (all put together), have don’t have any schooling facility.
iii) 80% of The Rubbish Dump People are illiterate, while 20% school drop outs.
iv) All these 40 families live in small hurts built with scavenging material. Each hurt will be shared by 3-4 families.
v) They earn only Rs.150/- (approximately two and half Dollar only) per day per head. Two people from a family must work on the rubbish dump in order to escape starvation, debts and desolation. If one of the two falls sick, children are forced to take the place of their elders.
Viii). They are literally name less people as their names are not registered as members of
any community or as voters of any political constituency. And hence they are not
eligible to get any Ration cards, Voter card, Aadhaar card or Health insurance cards
which provide them with a kind of food and health security.
x). Common Diseases affecting them are:
Injuries and Infections
Asthma and other respiratory ailments.
Diarrhea and other water born diseases.
Multiple skin diseases.
xi). Non-Accessibility to Government Hospitals/ Primary Health Centers:
Government Hospitals are 5 km away and they seldom visit PHC’s.
They depend on the local RMP’s (Registered Medical Practitioners)” or village quacks.
3. PROBLEMS EXPRESSED AND IDENTIFIED
i). PATHETIC LIVING CONDITIONS:
• Three or four families sharing one tent on the dump yard is itself unhygienic and dehumanizing.
ii). STINKING BODIES AND THE BREADING GROUND OF DISEASES:
• The dump yard people do not take bath for nearly one month as they don’t have access to regular water supply. Once in a month the families travel to a far of river to take a dip and come back. For drinking water they have to beg the farmers in the nearby Mango plantations.
Iii). THE CHILDREN CAN NOT SEE BEYOND THE DUMP:
The children born and brought up in the dump yard weave their dreams and their future in and around the dumping ground and dump yard people. They cannot aspire for schooling or higher education or any hope braking through the damned living conditions that they are in at present. Even their parents don’t speak of schooling as they themselves have any hope of sending their children to schools as other people in the main stream society do. In other words these people live as scavenger’s people and their children survive as scavenging children far from the civilized, humanized and dignified living conditions of the society.
iv). INJURIES AND INFECTIONS:
• The entire rubbish dump people complain about injuries – caused by burns or by sharp edged garbage.
• Non-availability of timely medical care; infections increase due to ignorance and problems get complicated.
v). BARE-FEET, BARE-HANDS AND NO HEAD-GEAR:
The rubbish dumps people walk, climb, dig, and carry their “collection” back home-with bare hands and without any head-gear.
Some use slippers made up of cheap synthetic rubber which hardly protects their feet from injuries.
No Shoes, no hand-gloves and no helmets and they never are part of their “OUT FIT”.
vi). NON-ACCESSIBILITY OF HEALTH CARE:
Government medical officers or health workers seldom visit these “rubbish dumps”, or conduct health camps for the benefit of these Rag-pickers / Scavengers / Rubbish dump people.
No purified drinking water, No sanitation, No concern for Hygiene.
“Mosquito menace” continues unabated, and usage of mosquito –nets is a luxury for them.
vii). MALNUTRITION (Under Nourishment):
o The “Rubbish Dump People suffer from Anemia, Under-weight, easy prone to common diseases.
o Pregnant women and children among the rubbish dump people are more vulnerable to the ill-effects of “Anemia”, which leads to mother and child mortality at the time of child-birth.
4. WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?
“VIJAYAWADA CITY RUBBISH DUMP PEOPLE” require the following so that they live and work in secure and dignified conditions.
i). Make shift tents (one tent for each family)
• Provision of 5 solar lamps to lit the area during the nights.
ii). Provisioning of water for regular bathing and sanitation.
• The toilets and bath rooms will also temporary structures and could easily be shifted from place to place.
• One/Two water tankers will be engage to supply water daily to the dump yard people.
• Two or three synthetic water tanks with the capacity of 1000 liters each to store the water.
iii). Pre-School training center for the all the children at dump yard which includes provision of
food clothing, books and other educational materials.
• The pre-school training center will also be a temporary structure for a limited period of time. Once the children are ready for schooling they will be join in nearby schools and the hostel facility will be provided by our organization.
iv). Quality shoes to protect the bare feet,
v). Hand Gloves.
vi). Metallic head-gear or helmets.
vii). Suitable instruments to dig, collect and carry their “collections” from the Rubbish Dumps.
viii). Mosquito nets to protect the “Rubbish Dump” families from “mosquito menace”.
xi). Regular health camps and provision of required medicines.
x). Nutritious food to the victims of malnutrition: i.e pregnant women and children